ZIMBABWE


Quick Facts:

CAPITAL CITY: Harare
POPULATION: 16.15 million (2016)
CLIMATE: Savannah Climate
LANGUAGE: English, Shona and Ndebele
RELIGION: Christianity
CURRENCY:Zimbabwean Dollar, U.S Dollar

TOURIST ARRIVALS: Tourist Arrivals in Zimbabwe increased to 2056588 in 2015 from 1880028 in 2014. Tourist Arrivals in Zimbabwe averaged 1641353.93 from 1980 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 2508255.00 in 2007 and a record low of 237668.00 in 1980. https://tradingeconomics. com/zimbabwe/tourist-arrivals

BRIEF HISTORY
he name “Zimbabwe” stems from a Shona term for Great Zimbabwe, an ancient ruined city in the country’s south-east whose remains are now a protected site. Two different theories address the origin of the word. Many sources hold that “Zimbabwe” derives from dzimba-dza-mabwe, translated from the Karanga dialect of Shona as “large houses of stone” (dzimba = plural of imba, “house”; mabwe = plural of bwe, “stone”). Independent since 18th April 1980, the former British Colony is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the west and southwest, Zambia to the northwest, and Mozambique to the east and northeast. Although it does not border Namibia, less than 200 metres of the Zambezi River separates it from that country.

HERITAGE
Great Zimbabwe National Monument:
The ruins of Great Zimbabwe – the capital of the Queen of Sheba, according to an age-old legend – are a unique testimony to the Bantu civilization of the Shona between the 11th and 15th centuries. The city, which covers an area of nearly 80 ha, was an important trading centre and was renowned from the Middle Ages onwards.

Khami Ruins National Monument:
Khami, which developed after the capital of Great Zimbabwe had been abandoned in the mid-16th century, is of great archaeological interest. The discovery of objects from Europe and China shows that Khami was a major centre for trade over a long period of time.

Matobo Hills:
The area exhibits a profusion of distinctive rock landforms rising above the granite shield that covers much of Zimbabwe. The large boulders provide abundant natural shelters and have been associated with human occupation from the early Stone Age right through to early historical times, and intermittently since. They also feature an outstanding collection of rock paintings. The Matobo Hills continue to provide a strong focus for the local community, which still uses shrines and sacred places closely linked to traditional, social and economic activities. Population; 16.15 million (2016) Climate; Savannah Climate Language; English, Shona and Ndebele Religion; Christianity Currency; Zimbabwean Dollar, U.S Dollar Tourist Arrivals; Tourist Arrivals in Zimbabwe increased to 2056588 in 2015 from 1880028 in 2014. Tourist Arrivals in Zimbabwe averaged 1641353.93 from 1980 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 2508255.00 in 2007 and a record low of 237668.00 in 1980. https://tradingeconomics. com/zimbabwe/tourist-arrivals

Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas:
On the banks of the Zambezi, great cliffs overhang the river and the floodplains. The area is home to a remarkable concentration of wild animals, including elephants, buffalo, leopards and cheetahs. An important concentration of Nile crocodiles is also be found in the area.

Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls:
These are among the most spectacular waterfalls in the world. The Zambezi River, which is more than 2 km wide at this point, plunges noisily down a series of basalt gorges and raises an iridescent mist that can be seen more than 20 km away.

WILDLIFE
The wildlife of Zimbabwe is mostly located in remote or rugged terrain in the national parks and private wildlife ranches; it is spread over the landscapes of miombo woodlands and thorny acacia or kopje. The prominent wild fauna members which inhabit this landscape are not only the “big five” – buffalo, elephant, leopard, lion and rhino – but also antelopes, zebras and giraffes.

NATIONAL PARKS AND PROTECTED AREAS
1. Chimanimani National Park
2. Chizarira National Park
3. Gonarezhou National Park
4. Hwange National Park
5. Kazuma Pan National Park
6. Mana Pools National Park
7. Matusadona National Park
8. Matobo National Park
9. Nyanga National Park
10. Victoria Falls and Zambezi National Park

WATER BODIES
1. Bubye River
2. Chiredzi River
3. Chitake River
4. Gairezi River
5. Gwayi River
6. Honde River
7. Ikwelo River
8. Inkankezi River
9. Insiza River
10. Inyankuni River
11. Kwekwe River
12. Limpopo River
13. Manyame River
14. Mazowe River
15. Mpopoma (Kame)