ZAMBIA


Quick Facts:

CAPITAL CITY: Lusaka
POPULATION:16.59 million (2016)
CLIMATE: Tropical Climate
LANGUAGE: English
RELIGION: Christianity
CURRENCY: Kwacha

TOURIST ARRIVALS: Zambia recorded a 2.6% increase in international tourist arrivals in 2016 compared to the previous year. It saw international tourist arrivals hitting 956,332 in 2016 compared to 931,782 in 2015*, Most of the tourists who visited Zambia last year came from Africa, accounting for 77.9% of the total international arrivals followed by Europe, with 9.2% of arrivals while Americas accounted for 5% of the total arrivals. Asia and Australia accounted for 7% and 0.9% to the total arrivals.

BRIEF HISTORY
Zambia’s history dates back to about 200,000 years ago. This was shown by the discovery of the Broken Hill skull in Kabwe in 1921. This was the first human fossil ever discovered in Africa .The indigenous hunter-gatherer occupants of Zambia began to be displaced or absorbed by more advanced migrating tribes about 2,000 years ago. The major waves of Bantu-speaking immigrants began in the 15th century, with the greatest influx between the late 17th and early 19th centuries. They came primarily from the Luba and Lunda tribes of southern Democratic Republic of Congo and northern Angola. In the 19th century there was an additional influx by Ngoni peoples from the south escaping the Shaka Zulu wars also known as Mfecane. By the late 19th century the various peoples of Zambia were largely established in the areas they currently occupy. Except for an occasional Portuguese explorer, the area lay untouched by Europeans for centuries. However, after the mid- 19th century, it was penetrated by Western explorers, missionaries, and traders. David Livingstone, in 1855, was the first European to see the magnificent waterfalls on the Zambezi River. He named the falls after Queen Victoria. Livingstone’s work and writings inspired missionaries to come to the area north of the Zambezi. Almost immediately after, came explorers, hunters and prospectors searching for whatever riches the country had to offer. In 1890 the area became known as Northern Rhodesia and was administered by the British South Africa Company, owned by empire-builder Cecil John Rhodes. At around the same time, vast deposits of copper were discovered in the area now called the Copperbelt. Zambia has been a sovereign democratic state since her independence from colonial rule on October 24th 1964.

HERITAGE
Victoria Falls:
The Victoria Falls is situated about 10km from the city of Livingstone is one of the world’s seven natural wonders and one of the most outstanding natural sites in the world. The Falls are 1.7 km wide with a volume of between 20,000 and 700,000 cubic metres per minute falling down a vertical drop of 100 metres. The spray of the Falls can be clearly seen from a distance of 30km and hence its local name, Mosi-oa-Tunya, “The smoke that thunders”. Downstream of the Falls, the river has carved a tortuous route through the soft areas within the basalt rock, forming a deep gorge in a tight zigzag course for kilometres. This is a result of the repeated cutting back of the line of the Falls and the successive formation and abandonment of seven previous broad waterfalls, a process that has taken about 100,000 years.

The Chirundu Fossil Forest National Monument site:
contains fossilised or petrified tree trunks of the Karoo age. It is situated in Gwembe District in the Southern Province of Zambia and is 21 kilometres from the Chirundu border which forms a boundary with Zimbabwe. The site has superb fossilised tree trunks measuring up to 1.2m in diameter assigned to Dadoxylon and Rhexoxylon africanum which are difficult to distinguish with naked eyes

Nsalu Cave:
Located in Mpika, Zambia, this National Monument is the site of Stone Age Man’s “schematic” rock paintings. There are none of the figures of animals and people usually associated with Bushman paintings but lines and “ladders” and other unexplained outlines, thought to be up to 100,000 years old, and what makes them interesting is that the San people who drew them gave the usual stick men and buck species a skip, in favour of fascinating patterns of waving lines – making historians believe that the cave may have some kind of historical significance.

WILDLIFE
Zambia has an incredible wildlife asset, a natural heritage with many unique species of wild game. It is home to the big five namely, elephant, lion, leopard, rhino and buffalo. Other game to look out for are hippo (hippopotami), buffalo, giraffe, zebra, warthog, primates, antelope and various reptiles and rodents. As for the predators, there are many to see in action. The leopard, the lion, the spotted hyena , a pack of wild dog, etc. There are also smaller carnivores such as the honey badger, African wildcat, mongoose jackal, etc. Zambia’s wildlife supports good birding. Ornithologically speaking, 749 bird species have been recorded so far.

NATIONAL PARKS AND PROTECTED AREAS
1. Kafue National Park
2. Kasanka National Park
3. Lochinvar National Park
4. Lower Zambezi National Park
5. Liuwa Plains National Park
6. Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park
7. North Luangwa National Park
8. Nsumbu National Park
9. Sioma Ngwezi National Park
10. South Luangwa National Park
11. Blue Lagoon National Park
12. Lavushi Manda National Park
13. Luambe National Park
14. Lukusuzi National Park
15. Lusaka National Park

WATER BODIES
1. Lake Bangweulu
2. Lake Kariba
3. Lake Mweru
4. Lake Tanganyika
5. Chambeshi River
6. Kabompo River
7. Kafue River - Kalambo River
8. Kalungwishi River
9. Luanginga River
10. Luangwa River
11. Luapula River
12. Luena River
13. Lukasashi River
14. Lunga River
15. Lunsemfwa River