UGANDA


Quick Facts:

CAPITAL CITY: Kampala
POPULATION: 41.49 million (2016)
CLIMATE: Tropical Equatorial Climate
LANGUAGE: Kiswahili, English
RELIGION: Christianity and Islam
CURRENCY: Ugandan Shilling

TOURIST ARRIVALS: Tourist Arrivals in Uganda increased to 1303 Thousand in 2015 from 1266 Thousand in 2014. Tourist Arrivals in Uganda averaged 581.77 Thousand from 1990 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 1303 Thousand in 2015 and a record low of 69 Thousand in 1990. https://tradingeconomics. com/uganda/tourist-arrivals

BRIEF HISTORY
The ancestors of the Ugandans were hunter-gatherers until 1,700- 2,300 years ago. Bantuspeaking populations, who were probably from central Africa, migrated to the southern parts of the country. According to oral tradition, the Empire of Kitara covered an important part of the great lakes area, from the northern lakes Albert and Kyoga to the southern lakes Victoria and Tanganyika. Bunyoro- Kitara is claimed as the antecedent of the Buganda, Toro, Ankole, and Busoga kingdoms. Arab traders moved inland from the Indian Ocean coast of East Africa in the 1830s. They were followed in the 1860s by British explorers searching for the source of the Nile. Officially the Republic of Uganda got her independence from British Colonial Masters on October 9th 1962. Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa. It is bordered to the east by Kenya, to the north by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the south-west by Rwanda, and to the south by Tanzania. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, shared with Kenya and Tanzania. Uganda is in the African Great Lakes region. Uganda also lies within the Nile basin, and has a varied but generally modified equatorial climate.

HERITAGE
Kasubi Royal Tombs;
The Kasubi Tombs in Kampala, Uganda, is the site of the burial grounds for four kabakas (kings of Buganda) and other members of the Baganda royal family. As a result, the site remains an important spiritual and political site for the Ganda people, as well as an important example of traditional architecture. The World Heritage Site comprises around 26 hectares (64 acres) on the Kasubi hill in the city of Kampala, about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) northwest of the city centre. Most of the site is open agricultural land that is farmed using traditional techniques. One corner contains a royal palace built in 1882 by Muteesa I, the 35th Kabaka of Buganda, to replace a palace built by his built by his father, Ssuuna II in 1820. The new palace became a royal burial ground on his death in 1884. The site is one of 31 royal tombs across the Buganda kingdom since the kingdom was founded in the 13th century. Traditionally, the body of the deceased king was buried in one place, with a separate shrine for the deceased king’s jawbone, believed to contain his soul.

Rwenzori Mountains National Park;
Rwenzori Mountains National Park was established in 1991. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 because of its outstanding natural beauty. Rebel militias occupied the Rwenzori Mountains from 1997 to June 2001. The park was inscribed on UNESCO’s List of World Heritage in Danger between 1999 and 2004 because of insecurity and a lack of resources in the park.

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park;
The Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a biodiverse, mountainous area in southwest Uganda. It’s home to many of the world’s remaining mountain gorillas, who feed on roots, leaves and fruits from the park’s many tree and fern species. Restricted numbers of viewing permits help protect the endangered gorilla families. In the park, rough paths weave amid dense forests, which are home to many butterflies and birds.

WILDLIFE
The wildlife of Uganda is composed of its flora and fauna. Uganda has 364 species. Uganda is unrivalled on the continent as a bird watching destination with over 1,000 species of birds – several of which are found nowhere else on the planet. It is also home to 13 types of primates including over half of the world’s endangered mountain gorillas ; and our closest relative – the chimpanzee.

NATIONAL PARKS AND PROTECTED AREAS
1. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
2. Kibale National Park
3. Kidepo Valley National Park
4. Lake Mburo National Park
5. Mgahinga Gorilla National Park
6. Mount Elgon National Park
7. Murchison Falls National Park
8. Queen Elizabeth National Park
9. Rwenzori Mountains National Park
10. Semuliki National Park
11. Ajai Wildlife Reserve
12. Bokora Corridor Wildlife Reserve
13. Kabwoya Wildlife Reserve
14. Katonga Wildlife Reserve
15. Kigezi Wildlife Reserve

WATER BODIES
1. Lake Albert
2. Lake Bisina
3. Lake Bugondo
4. Lake Buhera
5. Lake Bujuku
6. Lake Bunyonyi
7. Lake Edward
8. Lake George
9. Lake Kabaka
10. Lake Kachera
11. Lake Katwe
12. Lake Kayumbu
13. Lake Kitandra
14. Lake Kwania
15. Lake Kyahafi