MAURITIUS


Quick Facts:

CAPITAL CITY: Port Louis
POPULATION: 1.3 million (2016)
CLIMATE:Tropical Climate
LANGUAGE: English
RELIGION: Hinduism, Christianity and Islam
CURRENCY: Rupees

TOURIST ARRIVALS: Tourist Arrivals in Mauritius increased to 738,206 in July 2017 an increase of 6.3 % compared to same period in 2016. In 2016 tourist arrivals increased by 10.8%. http://statsmauritius.govmu. org

BRIEF HISTORY
Mauritius was uninhabited until 1598, and had much unique wildlife and plant life. There were Dutch settlers from 1638 until 1710. The French took formal possession in 1715 and sent settlers from 1721; the French E a s t India Company governed the island, called Île de France, from about 1767. Slaves were brought in from Madagascar, Mozambique and other parts of Africa. The island was captured by the British in 1810, during the Anglo–French war, and renamed Mauritius. Together with its dependencies, including Seychelles and Rodrigues, the island was formally ceded to Britain under the Treaty of Paris (1814). At the time slavery was abolished, in 1834, there were 68,616 registered slaves in the country. After abolition, indentured labourers were recruited, mainly from India, to work in the expanding sugar industry .The people of Mauritius are multiethnic, multireligious, multicultural and multilingual. Country has been independent since 12th March 1968. The island’s government is closely modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system, and Mauritius is highly ranked for democracy and for economic and political freedom. Along with the other Mascarene Islands, Mauritius is known for its varied flora and fauna, with many species endemic to the island. The island is widely known as the only known home of the dodo. The government uses English as its main language. Situated in the ‘golden triangle’ connecting Asia, Africa and Australia, Mauritius is the converging point of global civilizations – a place where one can feel the cosmopolitan pulse of the world. Known for its breath-taking white long stretch beaches Mauritius has so much to offer. Visitors can experience rich cultural heritage, nautical sports, mountain hiking, fusion gastronomy,golf, kitesurfing and it is known as one of the best honeymoon destinations.

HERITAGE
Le Morne Brabant (UNESCO World Heritage);
Rising to 555 metres above the sea on the south-western coast of the island, Le Morne Brabant has become a world symbol of freedom from slavery. Whereas the seaside at its foot and the exquisite beaches it shelters are today the pride of several luxury hotels, the mount itself was in fact the place where fugitive slaves used to hide during the early colonial times of the island. Today it represents a memorial to the common memories of all slaves of that period, as represented by the commemorative plaque in honour of “the unknown slave”. Le Morne Brabant, as the Aapravasi Ghat in Port Louis, record the distressing pages of history of Mauritius, which have been slavery and indentured labour. Le Morne Brabant was officially declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2008. Another noteworthy fact: Le Morne is also the sole remaining natural habitat to the trochetia flower or « earring » flower, which is Mauritius’ national emblem

Aapravasi Ghat (UNESCO World Heritage);
Located in Port Louis, this is the very site which served, between 1834 and 1910, as the immigration gateway of indentured workers coming to the island from India, East Africa, Madagascar, China and South-East Asia to work in the sugar cane fields. This was part and parcel of the socio-economic operation then termed « the great experiment ». The old depot, built in 1849, remains to date the sole remnant of this particular diaspora of modern times. The old depot, built in 1849, remains to date the sole remnant of this particular diaspora of modern times. It is because of this that it is recognized as a major historical landmark and a UNESCO World Heritage site

WILDLIFE PRESERVATION
1. Ile aux Aigrettes
2. Vallée de Ferney
3. Black River Gorges National Park
4. Pamplemousses Botanical Garden

NATIONAL PARKS
1. Black River Gorges National Park
2. Bras d’Eau National Park
3. Islets National Park

WATER BODIES
1. Ganga Talao
2. Mare aux Vacoas
3. Tamarind Falls
4. Rochester Falls
5. Grand River North West
6. Midlands Dam
7. Rivière des Créoles
8. Riviere Tabac
9. Riviere Champagne
10. Riviere Tamarin
11. Rivière du Rempart
12. Rivière Tamarin
13. Rivière du Tombeau