KENYA


Quick Facts:

CAPITAL CITY: Nairobi
POPULATION: 48.46 million (2016)
CLIMATE: Tropical Climate
LANGUAGE: Kiswahili and English
RELIGION: Christianity and Islam
CURRENCY: Kenya Shilling

TOURIST ARRIVALS: Tourist Arrivals in Kenya decreased to 67,084 in April from 71,950 in March of 2017. Tourist Arrivals in Kenya averaged 81869.28 from 2006 until 2017, reaching an all time high of 143,556 in July of 2011 and a record low of 36,970 in February of 2008. https://tradingeconomics. com/kenya/tourist-arrivals

BRIEF HISTORY
Throughout the centuries, the Kenyan Coast has played host to many merchants and explorers. Among the cities that line the Kenyan coast is the City of Malindi. It has remained an important Swahili settlement since the 14th century and once rivalled Mombasa for dominance in the African Great Lakes region. Malindi has traditionally been a friendly port city for foreign powers. By the 1st century CE, many of the city-states such as Mombasa, Malindi, and Zanzibar began to establish trade relations with Arabs. This led to the increase economic growth of the Swahili states, introduction of Islam, Arabic influences on the Swahili Bantu language, cultural diffusion, as well as the Swahili city-states becoming a member of a larger trade network. Many historians had long believed that the city states were established by Arab or Persian traders, but archeological evidence has led scholars to recognize the city states as an indigenous development which, though subjected to foreign influence due to trade, retained a Bantu cultural core. In 1414, the Chinese trader and explorer Zheng He representing the Ming Dynasty visited the East African coast on one of his last ‘treasure voyages’. Known as “Magical Kenya” Kenya is said to offer visitors more to see and do within the borders of a single country than anywhere else, owing to its diverse attractions. The white sandy beaches, unique wildlife, equatorial forests, mighty snow-capped mountains, searing deserts and cool highlands, and rich cultural heritage are a scenic and breath-taking experience. This beautiful Country has been independent since 12th December 1963.

HERITAGE
Lamu Town;
Lamu Town is a small town on Lamu Island, which in turn is a part of the Lamu Archipelago in Kenya. Situated 341 kilometres (212 mi) by road northeast of Mombasa that ends at Mokowe Jetty from where the sea channel has to be crossed to reach Lamu Island. Lamu is Kenya’s oldest continually inhabited town, and was one of the original Swahili settlements along coastal East Africa, founded in 1370.

The town contains the Lamu Fort on the seafront, which commenced construction under Fumo Madi ibn Abi Bakr, the sultan of Pate, and was completed after his death in the early 1820s. Lamu is also home to 23 mosques, including the Riyadha Mosque, built in 1900, and a donkey sanctuary.

Fort Jesus;
Fort Jesus (Portuguese: Forte Jesus de Mombaça) is a fort located on Mombasa Island. Designed by Italian Giovanni Battista Cairati, it was built between 1593 and 1596, by order of King Philip I of Portugal, to guard the Old Port of Mombasa. Fort Jesus was the only fort maintained by the Portuguese on the Swahili Coast, and is recognised as a testament to the first successful attempt by a Western power to establish influence over the Indian Ocean trade. Cairato, the designer of the fort, was inspired by Italian architect Pietro Cataneo, while the master builder was Gaspar Rodrigues. The fort was Cairato’s last overseas work. Although the design of Fort Jesus is an example of Renaissance architecture, the masonry techniques, building materials and labour are believed to have been provided by the local Swahili people. The fort was built in the shape of a man (viewed from the air) and is roughly square, with four bulwarks at its corners. The fort is considered a masterpiece of late Renaissance military fortification.

Fort Jesus was captured and recaptured at least nine times between 1631, when the Portuguese lost it to the Sultan of Mombasa, and 1895 when it fell under British rule and was converted into a prison.

Sacred Mijikenda Kaya Forests;
Kaya (plural makaya) is a sacred forest of the Mijikenda people in the former Coast Province of Kenya. The kaya forest is considered to be an intrinsic source of ritual power and the origin of cultural identity;it is also a place of prayer for members of the particular ethnic group.The settlement, ritual centre, and fortified enclosure associated with the forest are also part of the kaya. In the present day, the kaya is also referred to as a traditional organizational unit of the Mijikenda.

Mount Kenya National Park;
Mount Kenya National Park was established in 1949 to protect Mount Kenya, the wildlife and surrounding environment which forms the wild animal’s habitat as well as act as a water catchment area that supplies Kenya’s water.

WILDLIFE
The diversity of Kenya’s wildlife has garnered international fame, especially for its populations of large mammals. Its species of mammals include: East African lions, East African cheetahs hippopotami, African buffaloes, wildebeests, African elephants, zebras, giraffes, and rhinoceros. Kenya has a very diverse population of birds, including flamingos and Masai ostriches

NATIONAL PARKS AND PROTECTED AREAS
1. Aberdare National Park
2. Amboseli National Park
3. Arabuko Sokoke National Park
4. Central Island National Park
5. Chyulu Hills National Park
6. Hell’s Gate National Park
7. Kisite-Mpunguti Marine National Park
8. Lake Nakuru National Park
9. Malindi Marine National Park
10. Malka Mari National Park
11. Masai Mara National Park
12. Meru National Park
13. Mombasa Marine Park
14. Kisite-Mpunguti Marine National Park
15. Kiunga Marine National Reserve

WATER BODIES
1. Lake Baringo
2. Lake Bogoria
3. Lake Chala
4. Lake Chew Bahir
5. Lake Elmenteita
6. Lake Jipe
7. Lake Kamnarok
8. Lake Kenyatta
9. Lake Logipi
10. Lake Solai 11. Lake Magadi
12. Lake Naivasha
13. Lake Nakuru
14. Lake Turkana
15. Lake Victoria