DJIBOUTI


Quick Facts:

CAPITAL CITY: Djibouti
POPULATION: 16.15 million (2016)
CLIMATE: Desert Climate
LANGUAGE: Arabic and French
RELIGION: Islam
CURRENCY: Djiboutian franc

International tourism, number of arrivals in Djibouti was reported at 63000 in 2013, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. https://tradingeconomics. com/djibouti/international- tourism-number-of-arrivals- wb-data.html

BRIEF HISTORY
Officially called The Republic of Djibouti is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden at the east. The Djibouti area has been inhabited since at least the Neolithic. According to linguists, the first Afroasiatic-speaking populations arrived in the region during this period from the family’s proposed urheimat (“original homeland”) in the Nile Valley, or the Near East. Other scholars propose that the Afroasiatic family developed in situ in the Horn, with its speakers subsequently dispersing from there

HERITAGE
Les Gravures Rupestre d’Abourma (The Engravings of Abourma);
The site of rock carvings of Abourma is located in the north of the Republic of Djibouti, on the massif of Makarrassou of the region of Tadjourah. This exceptionally rich site of Abourma, retains prehistoric rock art on nearly three (3) km of cave engravings. A variety of themes that reflect behaviors, social behaviors and the organization of a past life. These images represent a variety of messages: man in his societal environment, the relationship between man and nature, interaction amongst men, relationship between man and animals. Also they show evidence of warriors and warlike behavior. very detailed, of wild and domestic animals as well as those of actions, especially those of men practicing hunting and fighting are represented.

The Tumulu (Awellos):
The Tumulu or the Awellos in the local language “piles of stones gathered by the ancestors” are ancient funerary complexes dating back to about 3,000 years BC. The majority of the Tumulu are located near the town of Randa in the region of Tadjourah, Dasbyo in the region of Ali-Sabieh in particular, and are also distributed throughout the territory. They play an important in historical and archaeological heritage of the Republic of Djibouti. The Tumulus were a big part of funerary rites during that period. High ranking members of society such as kings, Chiefs or spiritual leaders were buried in a magnificent Tumuli adorned with precious stones. On the other hand, ordinary people were entitled to simple ordinary burials.

The Obock Region: The Obock region is located in the northeast of the country, on the coast of the Strait of Bad-el- Mandeb. The city of Obock, former capital of Djibouti, is a port city at 1,780 m above the level of the sea. This region is characterized, among others, by its unique natural landscapes with mangroves, a mountain range (Mabla Mountains), small volcanic islands called “islands of Seven brothers” located on the Red sea with rich seabed in terrestrial and aquatic species.

WILDLIFE
The Wildlife of Djibouti, consisting of flora and fauna, is in a harsh landscape with forest accounting for less than one percent of the total area of the country. The flora and fauna species are most found in the northern part of the country in the ecosystem of the Day Forest National Park at an average altitude 1,500 metres (4,900 ft), including the massif Goda, with a peak of 1,783 metres (5,850 ft). It covers an area of 3.5 square kilometres (1.4 sq mi) of Juniperus procera forest, with many of the trees rising to 20 metres (66 ft) height. This forest area is the main habitat of critically endangered and endemic Djibouti francolin, and another recently noted vertebrate, Platyceps afarensis. The area also contains many species of woody and herbaceous plants, including boxwood and olive trees, which account for sixty percent of the total identified species in the country. Wildlife flora and fauna are also found in the country’s wetland ecosystem which includes two large lakes, Lake Assal and Lake Abbe (only a small part of the flats of this lake are in Djibouti), and many salt pans which are flooded occasionally from the wadis and the coastal tidal wetlands. The coastal belt of Djibouti also has a diversity of marine life or aquatic ecosystem, including coral reef

NATIONAL PARKS AND PROTECTED AREAS
1. Day Forest National Park
2. Djibouti National Park
3. Yoboki National Park

WATER BODIES
1. Lake Abbe
2. Bab-el-Mandeb
3. Ghoubbet-el-Kharab
4. Gulf of Aden
5. Gulf of Tadjoura
6. Lake Assal (Djibouti)
7. Bab Iskender