BURUNDI


Quick Facts:

CAPITAL CITY: Bujumbura
POPULATION: 10.2 million
CLIMATE: Equatorial Climate
LANGUAGE: Kirundi and French
RELIGION: Christianity and Islam
CURRENCY: Burundi Franc

TOURIST ARRIVALS: Burundi International tourism, number of arrivals in Burundi was reported at 131000 in 2015, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. https://tradingeconomics. com/burundi/international- tourism-number-of-arrivals- wb-data.html

BRIEF HISTORY
For centuries the Kingdom of Burundi was independent till its colonization by the Germans and the later the Belgians in the 20th Century. Burundi got her independence on March 13th 1962. The republic of Burundi is a landlocked Country in East Africa located around the African Great Lakes Region.

HERITAGE
Gishora:
Gishora, the royal field was founded by the King of Burundi “Mwami’’ Ntare Rugamba in the first half of the 19th century after its victory against the Chief Ntibirangwa Rebels. Gishora is on the top of the Gishora Hill in the commune of Giheta, 7 km from the town of Gitega. In the residence of Gishora, the first court or forecourt, called Intangaro, shelters the sanctuary of the sacred drums. The second largest, which is the royal court, includes the royal residence (Ingoro). With time, this court was generally occupied by the chiefs and the back-yard (ikigo) includes the dwelling of the maidservants, the room of worship (indaro ya Rugabo) and other structures. This court was only reserved for the royal family. Muramvya Province: Muramvya Province is one of the 18 provinces of Burundi. The capital is Muramvya. It has a unique cultural landscape. The area is renowned for the route of enthronement of the Bami (or kings), the royal capital of Mbuye, the necropolis of the queens mothers in Mpotsa, and the royal necropolis of Nkiko-Mugamba, amongst other things.

Livingstone–Stanley Monument:
The Livingstone– Stanley Monument at Mugere in Burundi is 12 km south of the capital Bujumbura, overlooking Lake Tanganyika, and marks a location where explorer and missionary Dr David Livingstone and journalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley visited and spent two nights on 25–27 November 1871. In French it is referred to as La Pierre de Livingstone et Stanley. Some Burundians claim the location is where the famous first meeting of Livingstone and Stanley took place, at which the latter uttered the famous words “Dr Livingstone, I presume?” Monument de l’Unite (Bujumbura): A significant symbol of National Sovreingnity The monument of National Unity was erected in honour of the reconciliation amongst Burundians after decades of conflict between the Hutu and Tutsi. Situated on Mount Vugizo, in Bujumbura, this historical, artistic and architectural masterpiece has a notable inscription which says: “Dusenyere Mugozi Umwe ku”, which means “We gather under one rope”. The date of signature of the pact of national unity is also included: 05/02/1992

Independence Monument Bujumbura:
Representing the sovereignty of Burundi as an independent state.

WILDLIFE
The wildlife of Burundi is composed of its flora and fauna. The small, landlocked country is home to 2,950 species of plants, 596 birds, 163 species of vertebrates, 52 species of reptiles, 56 species of amphibians, and 215 fish species.

NATIONAL PARKS AND PROTECTED AREAS
1. Kibira National Park
2. Ruvubu National Park
3. Rusizi National Park
4. Bururi Forest Nature Reserve
5. Kigwena Natural Reserve
6. Lake Rwihinda Natural Reserve (Lac aux Oiseaux)
7. Rumonge Nature Reserve
8. Rusizi Nature Reserve
9. Vyanda Forest Nature Reserve

WATER BODIES
1. Source of the River Nile
2. Lake Victoria
3. Lake Tanganyika
4. Ruvyironza River
5. Lake Rweru
6. Lake Cohoha